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Title: Journal of Extension
For Authors

Submission Guidelines

The Journal of Information Technology in Agriculture (JITAg) is a refereed publication of WFITA.

JITAg expands and updates the research and knowledge base for U.S. Agricultural IT professionals and other adult educators to improve their effectiveness. In addition, JITAg serves as a forum for emerging and contemporary issues affecting Food and fibre production.

JITAg is written, peer-reviewed, edited, and published by agricultural IT, sharing with their colleagues successful educational applications, original and applied research findings, scholarly opinions, educational resources, and challenges on issues of critical importance to agriculture.

Authors submitting articles to JITAg must follow the guidelines in this document. Submissions that deviate from these guidelines will be returned to the corresponding authors for changes. Because the guidelines are updated as appropriate, authors should check them again before they submit their articles.

JITAg is published on the World Wide Web. Authors should prepare their articles with the Web and on-screen reading in mind. This means, among other things, shorter paragraphs and more bullet and numbered lists than are conventional in more traditional, on-paper journals.

Help for JITAg Authors offers additional information on writing for JITAg . Authors are strongly encouraged to visit this site.

Journal Sections/Article Categories

JITAg accepts submissions in the following categories. Authors should note the differences among the article categories, and the corresponding authors should indicate the category of the article they are submitting.

Feature (reviewed by three reviewers): Discuss concepts and research findings of particular interest and significance to agricultural IT  professionals and to the knowledge base, methodology, effective practice, and organization. Emphasize implications of IT. Maximum length: 3,000 words, plus tables, graphics, and abstract.

Research in Brief (reviewed by three reviewers): Summarize research results of importance to U.S. Extension professionals. Maximum length: 2,000 words, plus tables, graphics, and abstract.

What's the Difference? A Feature focuses on the implications of the data or concepts for as wide an audience of agriculture professionals as possible (hence, the "extra" 1,000 words). A Research in Brief focuses more on the data, itself, and the methods used to gather it. A Feature is broader in scope and implication. A Research in Brief is more specific and localized.

Ideas at Work (reviewed by one reviewer): Describe novel ideas, innovative programs, and new methods of interest to agricultural professionals. Maximum length: 1,000 words (including abstract), plus tables and graphics.

Tools of the Trade (reviewed by the editor): Report on specific materials, books, techniques, and technology useful to agricultural professionals. Maximum length: 1,000 words (including abstract), plus tables and graphics.

What's the Difference? An Ideas at Work focuses on what is novel. A Tools of the Trade focuses on what is useful. An Ideas at Work focuses on an idea. A Tools of the Trade focuses on a thing.

Commentary (reviewed by the editor): Offer a challenge or present a thought-provoking opinion on an issue of concern to agricultural IT professionals. Initiate discussion or debate by responding to a previously published JITAg article. Maximum length: 1,500 words, plus abstract.

What's the Difference? The difference between a Commentary and the other types of JITAg articles is challenge, immediacy, and conviction.

Submission Formats & Procedure

JITAg accepts submissions in electronic format only and from a single designated corresponding author. The acceptable formats are:

Preferred: Microsoft Word (version 5.1 or higher)
WordPerfect (version 6.0 or higher)
Other formats are not supported at this time.

The corresponding author should send the article to as an email attachment. Authors are encouraged to use MIME attachments, if possible.

The corresponding author should include a complete mailing address (with zip code) in the email message accompanying the attached article so that review results can be returned at the appropriate time.

Authors who have questions can contact the editor.

Layout Formats


The title should be centered in upper and lower case on the first line of the article.

Author Information

Author's name, title, institution, city, and email address should be separated from the title by a double space. Each of these items should be centered in upper and lower case on a separate line. In the case of multiple authors, each author's information should be separated by a double space. ( JITAg does not include authors' academic degrees.)

Main Headings

First-level (main) headings within the text should be upper and lower case and use the style Heading 1 in Microsoft Word or the equivalent in WordPerfect.

Second-Level Headings

Second-level headings should be upper and lower case and use the style Heading 2. (Third-level headings, if appropriate, should be upper and lower case and use the style Heading 3.)


Paragraphs should be left justified and separated from each other by a single space. That is, authors should use the text block style and should not indent paragraphs by any means.


JITAg does not use footnote or endnotes. A "References" section should follow the body of the article. It should include only those sources cited in the article.

The "References" section and the reference citations in the text should conform to the style of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Fifth Edition. This is the responsibility of the author.

Citations in the "References" section to online material should include URLs and be formatted according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Fifth Edition. This, too, is the responsibility of the author.


The abstract should appear at the very end of the article, after the "References" section. The heading "Abstract" (not the title and authors of the article) should be centered and separated from the article by a double space. The abstract text should be left justified and separated from the heading "Abstract" by a single space.

The abstract should describe in 100 words or less: (a) the article topic (in one sentence, if possible); (b) the purpose, thesis, or organizing concept of the article and the scope of the article; (c) the sources of data used, if appropriate; and (d) conclusions, recommendations, and implications.

The abstract appears on the "Contents" page under the article title. Thus, authors should make their abstracts interesting enough to motivate subscribers to read their articles.

Table & Graphic Formats


Tables should be constructed with the table facility of Microsoft Word or WordPerfect and should be inserted at appropriate points in the text. They should be inserted between paragraphs, not within them.

Tables should not be excessively large, particularly horizontally.


Graphics may be used in the form of charts/figures or photographs. These graphics should have a material impact on the content of the article and not be used for decorative purposes. No more than 8 graphics may be used with any one article, except at the Editor's discretion.

It is the responsibility of authors to provide Web-ready, computer- generated graphics suitable for publication. Authors should keep the number of colors they use in graphics to a minimum and make sure the colors are distinct. JITAg will not convert graphics to other formats or perform other adjustments such as cropping.

Graphics should not be too large to fit on a typical computer screen without scrolling. Thus, the largest size should be 500x400 pixels.

Graphics should be either embedded within a Microsoft Word or WordPerfect document, or included as GIF or JPEG files.

Charts/figures should be either embedded drawings or GIF files. Photographs should be in JPEG format.

No background graphics are acceptable.

Other Format Considerations


Authors should use a single default font and font size for body text. They should not change font color.


Bullet and numbered lists are encouraged.

Hypertext Links

Authors may include HTML hypertext links using URLs. Authors should check the links they include immediately before submission. JITAg is not responsible for checking these links.

Bold, Italics, Underline

Judicious highlighting using bold and italics is acceptable. Underlining is not acceptable.

HTML Forms

HTML forms are not acceptable.

Other Web Enhancements

JITAg does not support other Web enhancements at this time. These include such formats as multimedia (sound/video), applets of all kinds, and Java.

Copyright © by JITAg, ISSN xxxx-xxxx.